Essentially, all three concepts are product-oriented and do due diligence in terms of origin. However, the concepts emerged chronologically in line with certain needs and they continue to be important for the competitiveness of Turkey’s national industry. However, it would be useful to introduce an approach in which these concepts are evaluated and integrated over time.
MADE IN TURKEY DOCUMENT
The principles on which a product will be accepted as Turkish Made have been determined by considering the “determination of the country of origin” in articles 33 to 42 of the Customs Regulation. However, according to the fifth paragraph of article 19 of the European Union Council Regulation on Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA) No. 1085/2006, all goods and materials procured from the domestic market within the scope of a contract related to IPA programs, without preference. According to the rules of origin, a document was needed that certifies that it is of Turkish origin or that it will be deemed to have gained Turkish origin. In this framework, it was made possible to sell the said documents to all companies that are members of the chambers, or to the members of the chambers affiliated to them by the unions affiliated with TESK, without seeking the condition of being a member, by 252 chambers affiliated to TOBB, in line with the relevant legal bases, to be used as of May 1, 2013. During the sale of the document, the name and surname of the person receiving the document by the chamber, T.C. While the identity number and the title and tax number of the company from which the document was obtained are recorded, the correctness of the identity information is determined by seeing a valid identity document; The serial number of the sold document is also recorded by the chamber. The document, which is signed by the contractor company by having the relevant sections drawn up by the company that is the producer of the goods or materials to be supplied, is submitted by the contractor company to the room where it purchased the document for approval. In this sense, chambers are only authorized to approve the document they sell.
DOMESTIC FINANCIAL DOCUMENT
Article 63 on “domestic bidders” of the Public Procurement Law No. 4734, which is in force with the amendment published in the Official Gazette dated 1 July 2017 and numbered 30111, states that “only domestic bidders can participate in tenders. The following regulations are taken as a basis regarding the granting of price advantages in favor of domestic bidders and bidders who offer domestic goods. In this framework, a 15 percent price advantage is provided to the middle and high technology product groups, including machinery, in public procurement, against imported ones if they are domestic products. At the same time, it was stipulated that some machinery, equipment and materials used in public construction works and announced on the website of the Public Procurement Authority must be completely domestic goods. However, the Law states that “The procedures and principles regarding the determination of domestic goods are determined by the Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology by taking the opinions of the relevant institutions and organizations. It is documented that the goods offered by the bidders are domestic goods, with a domestic goods certificate issued in accordance with these procedures and principles. From this point of view, the Domestic Goods Communiqué (SGM 2014/35), which was in effect as amended in the Official Gazette dated 10 June 2017 and numbered 30092, entered into force after being published in the Official Gazette dated 13 September 2014 and numbered 29118 and brought the Domestic Goods Certificate into our lives. .
While the requirements for the Domestic Goods Certificate issued by the chamber/exchange of TOBB or TESK, where the manufacturer is registered, are included in the Communiqué, the most basic criterion for the product is the domestic contribution rate. at least 51 percent. The domestic contribution rate is calculated by the manufacturer according to a standard formula. The document containing the domestic contribution rate calculation is examined by the expert in technical terms, and by a certified public accountant/public accountant or certified public accountant, and confirmed and signed in terms of the accuracy of the calculation and its compliance with official records. The document containing the signed domestic contribution rate calculation is submitted to the relevant chamber/market that will issue the Domestic Goods Certificate, in the annex of a commitment signed by the manufacturer or the person/persons authorized to represent and bind the manufacturer, in case of any contrary determination. is delivered. The following items are taken into account in the calculation of the domestic and imported input costs that constitute the final product: Direct and indirect material costs used, direct and indirect labor costs and general expenses related to the product. While the origin control is made about whether the inputs supplied from the country are imported or not, if the input is imported, it is included in the imported input calculation. If the input is produced by an enterprise with an industrial registration certificate and is included in the production subject section of the industrial registration certificate, it is included in the calculation of domestic input as a domestic input. In the calculation of the imported input amount, the price of the imported input to the factory and the Central Bank’s foreign exchange selling rate on the delivery date are taken into account. The domestic contribution rate, which is checked and approved by the relevant chamber/exchange, is included in the domestic goods certificate. The Domestic Goods Certificate is important for manufacturers in terms of making it sought after in the relevant support programs of KOSGEB, TUBITAK and the Ministry of Industry and Technology, which promote domestic goods, as well as the implementation of the Public Procurement Law No. 4734.
LOCAL PRODUCTION LOGO
The Communiqué on the Use of Domestic Production Logo on Price Labels published in the Official Gazette dated 5 October 2018 and numbered 30556 by the Ministry of Trade, although it is not a certification application, it is used on the labels and price lists of the goods offered to consumers. It makes it obligatory to include the “Local Production Logo”. While it is aimed to inform the consumers that they prefer domestic products, in the Communiqué the commodity is “The subject of shopping; movable, residential or holiday immovable property and software, audio, video and similar intangible goods prepared for use in electronic environment.
For a product to carry a domestic production logo, it is necessary to say, “The goods produced in Turkey by the enterprises specified in the first paragraph of Article 1 of the Industrial Registry Law dated April 17, 1957 and numbered 6948; The handicrafts and home crafts products produced in Turkey and the products listed in Article 18 of the Customs Law dated 27 October 1999 and numbered 4458 must be goods obtained or produced in Turkey.
The items that should be included in the labels and price lists are “Place of production of the goods, the distinctive feature of the goods, the sales price of the goods including all taxes, the unit price of the goods, the sales price of the goods and the date on which the unit price is applied, For the goods whose production place is in Turkey, the shape, logo or sign determined and announced by the Ministry”. While the Ministry, municipalities and relevant chambers are responsible for carrying out the works related to the implementation and monitoring of the provisions of this Communiqué, in case of detection of practices contrary to the Communiqué, the detected violation is sent to the governor’s office where the head office of the perpetrator is located, for necessary action.